Sometimes the preposition does not stand on its own where it is easy to pick out from the rest of the sentence. Sometimes it gets hooked with other words and forms what is called a prepositional phrase. There are two general types- simple and complex prepositional phrases. We will be looking at the simple phrases first. A list of some of these is as follows:
|add to||afraid of||ask for||feel like||dream of|
|comply with||care for||deal with||count on||decide to|
|escape from||happy about||hope for||jealous of||keep from|
|longing for||pay for||provide with||refer to||rely on|
|sad about||search for||scared of||believe in||wish for|
|to talk||to wonder about||to discover||to understand why||to realize|
Becoming familiar with these and the many other common prepositional phrases, and recognizing how prepositions can be used within sentences, will make it easier for you to pick them out.
Recognizing phrases such as these can give you a heads-up that a preposition is present in the sentence.
It begins with knowing your prepositions and seeing what words are often connected to them. For example, we know ‘to’ is a preposition and we often see the phrase ‘go to’, so this is a simple prepositional phrase. It is one or two words that are connected to a preposition.
A complex phrase is the entire chunk of the sentence that is attached to the simple phrase.
to the - simple prepositional phrase
to the store - complex prepositional phrase
In - a preposition
In the book - a simple phrase
In the book I was reading - a complex phrase.
Going to - a simple phrase
Going to be late - a complex phrase
Let's see how such phrases are implemented within sentences:
Tomorrow we are going- this is a sentence.
Tomorrow we are going to the store- has the preposition of ‘to’ and the phrase of ‘going to the store’.
"I wanted my friend Sally to come with me"
I wanted my friend Sally- this is a sentence
to- this is a preposition.
to come- this is a simple phrase.
to come with me- this is a complex prepositional phrase.
A sentence can have more than one phrases within it:
"I went to the store for some milk and I came home by bus and went over the toll bridge."
I went- simple sentence
to the store- prepositional phrase
for some milk- prepositional phrase
I came home- simple sentence
by bus- prepositional phrase
over the toll bridge- prepositional phrase
Read each sentence and try to find the prepositional phrase(s) within it.
Then, see if you were correct: Click the prepositions to highlihgt the whole phrases.